Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria
Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria

This piece of informative writing is centered on the overview of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria. MSMEs in Nigeria are perceived as businesses with up to 250 employees. Over the years till date, MSMEs have been at the frontline of the nation’s economy playing an immense role in GDP production and employment creation. To learn more about MSMEs industry, make sure to read this article vehemently to the very end.


MSMEs have been around for a long time and what seems to have gradually began has now grown to form an integral part of the country’s economy contributing immensely to economy and employment growth. The number of MSMEs is growing in Nigeria and in-fact it has the largest number of companies by a wide margin and the most employer of labour in the country. This goes to show how important SMEs are for economic and social reasons, especially the role it plays in employment.

Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria
Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria
  • What is the Meaning of MSMEs?

It is important that we start our discussion by first of providing answer to what MSMEs means.

MSMEs is an acronym for micro-business, small business, and medium business. In Nigeria, Micro Small and Medium Enterprises are generally referred to as enterprises with employee strength that is up 250.

Below is a quick definition of small and medium enterprises:

  • Micro Enterprises: between 1 and 9 employees.
  • Small Enterprises: between 10 and 49 employees.
  • Medium Enterprises: between 50 and 249 employees.

Benefits of MSMEs to Economic Growth

The effect of MSMEs in Nigerian economy cannot be undermined as the country march on the shoulders of small and medium-sized businesses. MSMEs are considered to be the power house for the development of any economy because they form the bulk of business activities in a growing economy, especially a country like Nigeria.

Probably you are wondering what the effect of MSMEs in Nigeria, below are some of the benefits of MSMEs to Nigerian economy, they include:

  • MSMEs contributes to the nation’s economy particularly in terms of output of goods and services;
  • High rate of Jobs creation especially in the fast-growing service sector.
  • MSMEs contributes to the reduction of income disparities.
  • Create quite a number of skilled and semi-skilled workers which ae perceived as a basis for future industrial expansion.
  • MSMEs helps improve forward and backward connections between economically, socially and geographically diverse sectors of the economy.
  • MSMEs offers great opportunities for developing and adapting appropriate technological approaches in recent businesses.
  • MSMEs has proven to be an excellent training ground for entrepreneurial and managerial talent to develop their business skills and techniques, the critical shortage of which is often a great handicap to economic development, among others.


  • Population of MSMEs In Nigeria

Presently, Nigeria houses over 37.07 million micro, small and medium-scale enterprises, according to the Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Investment. MSMEs, is believed to be responsible for over 84% of total jobs in the country. More so, the MSMEs enterprises in Nigeria accounts for about 48.5% of the gross domestic product (GDP), as well as about 7.27% of goods and services exported out of the country. From our stand point, Micro Enterprises account for the bulk with 36,994,578 enterprises, this is about 99.8%, while small enterprises is responsible for 68,168, and medium enterprises 4,670.

  • Funding Gap for MSMEs in Nigeria

As we continue to provide you with information that will enhance your knowledge about the MSMEs, we also deemed it necessary to provide you with the source of funding for MSMEs in Nigeria.

It is no doubt that the lack of finance for MSMEs has been a great concern for the bodies concerned especially the government, industry leaders and financial institutions at large. Majority of the MSMEs businesses in Nigeria have challenges sourcing for funds to improve and grow their businesses.

Howbeit in 2013, The Central Bank of Nigeria launched the MSME Development Fund with a share capital of N220 billion. The Fund was established to support MSMEs because of the industry’s significant contributions to the economy and the existing huge financing gap in the country. The main essence why the fund was established is to channel low-interest funds to the MSME sub-sector of the Nigerian economy through Participating Financial Institutions (PFIs).

More so, Banks and FINTECHS (financial technology companies) in Nigeria have also been instrumental in filling the financial gap in the market by providing soft and short-term financial loans to MSMEs in Nigeria. However, banks often demand for a large amount of paperwork, including a business plan, as part of the application prerequisite, while Fintechs on the other hand leverage data and technology to provide smooth and quick access to funds.

Also, Nigerian government in the bid to enhance MSMEs and help them grow and expand also established numerous schemes and programs such as SMEDAN, YouWin, TraderMoni, N-Power, etc. The programmes are aimed at providing grants to MSMEs that meets the set requirements. All of these schemes are put together to form a great step at closing the gap for MSMEs in Nigeria.

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Conclusion on Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria – An Overview

We have come to the conclusion of our discussion about MSMEs in Nigeria and we sure hope you enjoy reading through. It is no doubt that Nigeria is unarguably one of the largest economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa and we have the MSMEs to thank for their immense contribution to that effect. It is imperative that the government pay more attention to this industry because it is no doubt one of the powerful contributors to the economy growth of the country. MSMEs continue to grow and increase in Nigeria with tons of MSMEs enterprises established almost on daily basis with numerous entrepreneurs now coming forth. The government are relentlessly partnering with the MSMEs so that their spectrum will continue to expand and their effect in the Nigerian economy will continue to grow.

We hope to hear from you especially how helpful you find this article by giving us a feedback.

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